BEACH RESTORATION TIMELINE in REVERSE CHRONOLOGY
June 23, 2015: City Council approved award of a contract to Coastal Science and Engineering in the amount of $177,304 for beach condition monitoring for the entire Isle of Palms beach for the years 2015, 2016, and 2017.
May 26, 2015: City Council approved a motion to authorize Coastal Science and Engineering to seek approval from the state and federal agencies to augment the City's permit to allow for an additional volume of sand and for a more flexible time period to get started on the next project as early as September 2015.
April 17, 2015: City Council received the Year 6 Monitoring Report. (5.46 MB)
March 16, 2015: Sand hauling for the shoal management project ended on February 19, 2015. The project transferred 240,00 cubic yards of sand fro accretional areas from 53rd through 56th Avenues and near Mariners Walk and Shipwatch. Approximately 70,000 cubic yards were placed along the Beachwood East/Dunecrest area, and 170,000 cubic yards were placed near Seascape, Ocean Club and the 18th hole of the Links golf course. The total cost of construction was approximately $926,000, which is equivalent to a net cost of $3.87 per cubic yard hauled. This compares to average costs of offshore nourishment sand ranging between $8 to $10 per cubic yard. Even with the addition of sand with the project, configuration of the approaching shoal is continuing to cause erosion, especially during high wave and tide events. It is likely that some areas of the project will need additional mitigative measures prior to the next permit window for another shoal project which is November 2015 - April 2016. Click here to view aerial pictures of the project area and the entire 7-mile Isle of Palms beach taken today.
February 20, 2015: Sand hauling for the project has been completed. Baker will continue to grade the fill this weekend with the bulldozer and will be removing equipment and materials through next week.
February 18, 2015: Based on the condition today, Coastal Science and Engineering instructed Baker to split the remaining fill between both fill areas. Two trucks will be hauling to the western fill area and one to the eastern fill area. Filling will continue through Friday afternoon. Baker is presently shaping the fill with the bulldozer to the design elevation. This may continue after Friday, but no additional sand will be hauled after Friday.
February 9, 2015: Baker is currently working every day, all day during daylight hours to harvest sand from the intertidal beach between Shipwatch and the Property Owners Beach House. Sand is primarily being placed in the eastern fill area. Work is expected to continue through late February, but the schedule is subject to change.
Feburary 2, 2015: Construction has resumed, and work this week will continue off the shoal. Currently, Baker does not plan to work on Sunday, February 8th or Monday, February 9th. Work on Saturday, February 7th will depend on conditions. The City appreciates the continued patience of residents and visitors. Please keep a safe distance from the project and the equipment.
January 28, 2015: View a ground-level and aerial photo gallery of the project.
January 23, 2015: As work progresses, the shoal is becoming lower, meaning less sand is visible during normal and neap (higher low) tides. There is still sand available during spring tides. Baker has been consistently productive for the past two weeks. The design quantity has been placed along the Beachwood East/Duncrest area, and remaining sand will be placed solely in the eastern fill area. Areas needing regrading to the design template will be determined towards the end of the project. Construction will not occur from Sunday, January 25 through Wednesday, January 28.
January 13, 2015: Baker continues working to harvest sand from the shoal and place it at both fill locations. Work will continue in this fashion this week and over the weekend. The next scheduled break is Janury 24th-26th.
January 5, 2015: R.B. Baker continues to move sand from the shoal during low tides, presently placing sand in the eastern fill are near Ocean Club and the golf course. Once a new bulldozer arrives on site, the sand piles in each fill area will be leveled out to produce a smooth berm. Sand hauling will continue over the next month in a similar fashion. R.B. Baker will place additional sand along the area near Beachwood East and Dunecrest Lane beginning later this week or once the new bulldozer arrives.
January 2, 2015: R.B. Baker resumes work today by harvesting sand from the shoal via the constructed causeway connection. Sand is expected to be placed in the area of Ocean Club for the next several days. A top priority is to locate a replacement bulldozer for the non-operational one. Once a replacement is located, the piles of sand on the beach will be leveled. Each day, construction will take place during the two-and-a-half hours on either side of low tide. No work can occur at high tide. When trucks are operating on the wet sand portion of the beach, visitors should please avoid that area.
December 23, 2014: Baker has stopped working for the day and will break for the holiday week. Work will resume on January 2, 2015. Due to an equipment breakdown, the bulldozer has been non-operational ad has not been able to smooth the piles, so they will have to be there during the break. Baker plans to bring in a new bulldozer once work resumes. The dozer can not be moved at the moment, so it will remain near the high-tide line near the Property Owners Beach House. The wheeled vehicles will be stored at the Citadel Beach House and the remainder of the equipment will be stored off of the beach during the break.
December 19, 2014: R.B. Baker continues to work exclusively off of the shoal. They are placing sand in both fill areas. They will level the piles before leaving for the holiday break from December 24, 2014 to January 1, 2015.
December 16, 2014: Over the past weekend (December 13-14), R.B. Baker established a causeway connecting the beach to the shoal which was offshore of Wild Dunes. Work in the near term will continue by harvesting sand from the shoal around low tide (typically 2-3 hours before and after low tide) and placing the sand in the fill areas. Work will concentrate on the area between the Wild Dunes Property Owners Beach House and the Links golf course this week and into the weekend. Beginning sometime near Sunday, December 18, sand will be placed along the narrower areas of the western fill site near Beachwood East and Dunecrest Lane. No additional harvesting is anticipated in the area between 53rd and 56th Avenue. The beach will be available for public used when the contractor is not working close to high tide. No work will be done between Christmas Eve ad New Years Day.
December 13, 2014: R.B. Baker began working today on building an access pathway connecting the intertidal beach to the shoal which is just offshore. Once the pathway is complete, likely in two to three days, R.B.Baker will begin harvesting sand from the shoal during low tides, when the shoal is above the water. The current work plan is for R.B. Baker to work the area between Beach Club Villas and the Links course through the holiday break. No work is planned to occur between Christmas Day and New Year's Day. As the project progresses, adjustments may be made to the work plan to best utilize the working times and available sand sources. Updates will be posted as soon as they become available.
December 1, 2014: R.B. Baker is working on the East end today and tomorrow and plans to return to working on the West end on Wednesday. Sandbags are still being removed from Beachwood East, which should continue through Thursday. No work is expected over this weekend.
November 25, 2014: As of yesterday evening, the contractor, R.B. Baker, has moved approximately 79,701 cubic yards of sand. Nearly 2,000 loads (approximately 56,600 cubic yards) have been placed along the eastern fill area (Seascape, Ocean Club, and the 18th Hole). Eight Hundred loads (approximately 23,000 cubic yards) have been placed along the western fill area (Beachwood). The recent tides and waves produced significant profile adjustment, where much of the sand placed along the upper beach shifted to lower in the beach profile, resulting in loss of most of the dry sand area in front of Ocean Club. Baker will spend all day today placing sand in that area, and then will split the trucks tomorrow morning to have one placing sand at Ocean Club and one at Beachwood to shore up the dune prior to the holiday break. Tides will be lower as the week progresses and the weather is scheduled to improve, especially over the weekend, so hopefully the fill placed over the next two days will maintain a dry beach until work resumes Monday. The trucks will be kept at the Citadel Beach House during the break. The excavator and dozer will be placed along the access near the Wild Dunes Property Owners Beach House (leaving sufficient room for emergency vehicle access). Coastal Science and Engineering will assess the site on Sunday or Monday to determine what area will be filled when work resumes. Happy Holidays to all.
November 24, 2014: High tides impacted the Ocean Club end of the project. The contractor has moved back to the northeast end of the project to work to repair damage from high tides. Two more days of high tides are expected before they settle down.
November 14, 2014: The project is anticipated to move to the Dunecrest and Beachwood East areas on Monday, November 17. The area between 53rd and Dunecrest will have construction impact.
November 11, 2014: Project work is not scheduled to occur from Thursday, November 27 through Sunday, November 30.
November 10, 2014: As of the end of the day, 22,226 cubic yards (770 truckloads) of sand had been moved from the eastern harvest area to the eastern fill area for an average of 3,175 cubic yards per day. Work is expected to continue in the east area through Friday at minimum.
November 6, 2014: Project work is expected to continue through the weekend in the area of Ocean Club.
November 4, 2014: The project began moving sand this morning in the area between Property Owners Beach House and the 18th hole of the Links Golf Course. Work will continue in this area through the remainder of the week. For the safety of the public, ropes have been installed to separate active construction zones from beach visitors. Beach access is available near the Grand Pavilion or West of Property Owners Beach house. The seawall, installed near Ocean Club, has been completely removed by the responsible parties.
October 28, 2014: City Council approved the change order to R. B. Baker authorizing construction on the 2014 Shoal Management Project. Preparations are being made for an anticipated start date of November 3 and sand movement is expected to begin on November 4th at 7 a.m. Beachgoers will see large equipment and trucks which will be roped off. Areas seaward of the ropes will be inaccesible to the public. For the first week, work is expected to occur in the Eastern area between Wild Dunes Property Owners Beach House and the 18th hole of the Links Golf Course.
October 6, 2014: In preparation for the planned Fall/Winter 2014 - 2015 Shoal Management Project, the City held an informational meeting for stakeholders. View the meeting video and materials below.
Meeting Presentation Slides.
June 24, 2014: The Isle of Palms City Council ratified the Fiscal Year 2015 Budget, which includes a provision for a potential shoal management project in the fall of 2014 and a City contribution of $200,000 toward that project.
June 2, 2014: Governor Haley signed the Beach Preservation Act (S503) into law.
May 28, 2014: City Council received the Breach Inlet Quarterly Survey from April 2014
March 5, 2014: City Council received the Year 5 Monitoring Report (16.7 MB).
February 24, 2014: City Council received the Breach Inlet Quarterly Survey from January 2014 (2.25 MB).
January 28, 2014: City Council received a brief update from Coastal Science and Engineering regarding the condition of the beach.
November 1, 2013: The City received amended permit SAC-2010-1041-21G from the United States Army Corps of Engineers.
October 22, 2013: City Council approved a change order to the City's contract with Coastal Science and Engineering in the amount of $20,800 to increase the frequency of monitoring to quarterly at Breach Inlet.
August 27, 2013: Steven Traynum of Coastal Science and Engineering attended the August 27 City Council meeting to provide Council with an overview of the results of the 2013 beach monitoring of the island's entire 7-mile beach. Click here to read the meeting minutes. Click here to watch a video of the meeting.
May 31, 2013: The City received amended permit P/N# 2010-1041-21G from SCDHEC "to authorize increasing the number of sand scraping events from two (2) to four (4) over the life of the permit provided the sand is only taken fom the attaching shoal area . . . and the area identified as 'Potential Borrow Area A' in [the] amendment request." Under state law H4445, the permit expiration date has been extended to August 31, 2021.
January 25, 2013: The City submitted a permit amendment request to SCDHEC and USACE requesting an extension of the SCDHEC permit expiration to coincide with the USACE expiration and requesting an increase in the allowable number of sand scraping events.
November 2012: The City received the Year 4 Monitoring Report (15 MB) including Appendix A (5 MB).
July 2012: The City received Lighting Study #2, performed as a result of requirements for the 2012 Shoal Management Project. In the time between the first and second lighting study, residents in affected areas were encouraged to turn off outdoor lights at night to avoid adversely affecting nesting and hatching sea turtles.
July 2012: The City received the Final Report (6.7 MB) for the 2012 Shoal Managment Project, including Appendix 1 (9 MB), Appendix 2 (1 MB), Appendix 3 (2MB), and Appendix 4 (2 MB).
July 2012: The City received the Year 3 Monitoring Report (14 MB).
March 12 - April 10, 2012: Construction is executed on the 2012 Shoal Management Project by Baker Infrastructure Group. Using land-based equipment, 87,763 cubic yards of sand are moved from the "borrow area" from approximately Beach Club Villas I to Shipwatch to the "fill area" from Port O'Call to the 18th fairway of the Links Golf Course.
February 28, 2012: City Council awarded the a contract to Baker Infrastructure Group in an amount up to $250,500 for construction of the 2012 Shoal Management Project.
February 27, 2012: The United States Army Corps of Engineers issued Permit Number 2010-1041-21G (pdf, 2MB) for shoal realignment.
February 2012: As part of the requirements for the 2012 Shoal Management project, the City authorized Coastal Science and Engineering to conduct Lighting Study #1 from the beach at night.
January 25, 2012: City advertised Request for Bids for construction of the 2012 Shoal Management Project.
November 15, 2011: City Council awarded the two contracts to CSE. The first was for beach condition monitoring for the entire Isle of Palms beach for years 2012, 2013 and 2014. The second was for final coastal engineering, design, and construction administration of a shoal management project.
August 31, 2011: The SDHEC-OCRM issued the City the five-year Permit 2010-1041-21G (pdf, 890 KB) "to realign the beach in a shoal-attachment area on and adjacent to the Atlantic Ocean at a location limited to the area between 53rd Avenue and an existing groin near the 17th tee of the Links Course, on the northeastern end of the Isle of Palms, Charleston County, South Carolina."
June 2011: Sediment samples were collected for the third and final year of post-project monitoring required by the permit.
March 2011: The City received the Year 2 Monitoring Report (13MB) for the beach. In addition, City Council approved an amendment to CSE's contract to design and apply for permits for remedial nourishment of erosion hotspots.
February 15, 2011: Coastal Science and Engineering (CSE) spoke at the Ways and Means Committee. CSE reported that the Essential Fish Habitat and Biological Assessment documents were submitted to the regulatory agencies. Regarding the permit application, the City is waiting to receive public comments submitted to the agencies to which the City will respond. CSE also addressed the current state of the beach based on the most recent monitorings. Click here to view the presentation.
January 2011: As part of the recent permit application, regulatory agencies requested an Essential Fish Habitat (EFH) and a Biological Assessment (BA). These two studies are intended to asses potential impacts of the project on flora and fauna in the area. Field work and research have been completed and final documents are in the preparation stage.
December 3, 2010: The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers issued a Public Notice regarding the City's permit application. Public Comments were accepted from December 2, 2010 to January 1, 2011.
October 6, 2010: The City submitted the permit applications to perform excavation ad place fill material to realign the beach in shoal attachment areas to the United States Army Corps of Engineers and to the South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control Ocean &Coastal Resource Management for remedial nourishment of erosion hotspots.
September 2, 2010: Representatives from the City of Isle of Palms and Coastal Science & Engineering attended an interagency meeting to discuss the project and allow agencies to ask questions and offer feedback before the permit application for remedial nourishment of erosion hotspots is submitted. Agencies at the meeting included the United States Army Corps of Engineers (USACE), the South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control Bureau of Water Quality (SCDHEC BWQ), the South Carolina Department of Natural Resources (SCDNR), the South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control Ocean & Coastal Resource Management (SCDHEC OCRM), and the United States Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS).
July 15, 2010: Coastal Science & Engineering made a site visit to the Isle of Palms this week to perform tests and collect samples for the scheduled bi-annual post-project beach monitoring in accordance with the original project permit. Work also continues on the preparation of the permit application for remedial nourishment of erosion hotspots.
June 15, 2010: The City was in receipt of signed concurrence from all parties who signed original agreements. In accordance with the Council action of April 27, the City executed an amendment to the contract with Coastal Science & Engineering to "Plan and Permit Application for Remedial Nourishment of Erosion Hotspots."
April 27, 2010: City Council passed a motion to approve an amendment to the Coastal Science & Engineering contract for planning and preparation of the permit application for remedial nourishment of erosion hot spots contingent upon the approval of the original parties.
February 3, 2010: City Council passed a motion supporting the sending of correspondence to the parties who signed agreements with the City related to the original project requesting concurrence for using the funds on-hand in the IOP Beach Restoration Escrow account to pursue a permit for remedial nourishment of erosion hotspots.
February 3, 2010: City Council held a Special Meeting to hear the results of the "2008 Isle of Palms Beach Restoration Project Year 1 Monitoring Report" (15.2MB, pdf). Coastal Science & Engineering summarized the report in a PowerPoint Presentation (2.11MB, pdf).
May 25, 2009: Sand fencing has been installed and dune vegetation has been planted in the project area as additional protection of the beach.
May 22, 2009: New aerial photos of the project area have been posted in the photo gallery.
July 2, 2008: Construction is officially complete and all equipment has been cleared from the beach. Final surveys and post-project monitoring will continued as needed.
June 26, 2008: The dredging and pumping are complete well ahead of schedule. View a map of the completed fill in Reach A. The Dredge, "R.S. Weeks," has left the waters surrounding the Isle of Palms. Work will continue as pipes and equipment are removed from the beach, final surveys are completed and the sand is tilled.
June 24, 2008: View a progress map for Reach A.
June 22, 2008: View a progress map for Reach A.
June 20, 2008: View a progress map for Reach A.
June 17, 2008: View a progress map for Reach A.
June 16, 2008: The fill has been completed in Reach C.
June 15, 2008: View a progress map for Reach C.
June 14, 2008: The fill has been completed in Reach B.
June 13, 2008: View a progress map for Reach B. To date, no fill has been placed in Reach A or Reach C.
June 12, 2008: During construction, a historic, 128-pound cannon ball was excavated onto the beach. The cannon ball was evaluated by Charleston County and state explosive teams as well as by a historian with the National Park Service. The cannon ball was safely removed from the project area.
June 9, 2008: View progress maps for Reach A, Reach B and Reach C.
June 2, 2008: Approximately 8,600 sand bags have been removed to date. Dredging and pumping continue as scheduled.
May 27, 2008: Over the Memorial Day weekend, the dredge took up position and began pumping sand onto the beach. Visitors can see the "slurry," a mixture of water and sand, coming out of the pipe. Soon, the slurry will dry into a sandy beach. The operation will officially run 24 hours per day, 7 days per week until the project is complete. Sand bag removal continues as scheduled. The City appreciates your patience during construction.
May 22, 2008: The Dredge, the "R.S. Weeks," has arrived in Charleston and should be visible in near the project borrow sites shortly. The dredging and pumping of sand is anticipated to begin over the Memorial Day weekend. Sandbag removal continues at a good pace. Visitors to the beach will notice that the beach is active with construction equipment as pipe is laid in preparation for the pumping of sand.
May 19, 2008: Sandbag removal began this morning and will continue as the project progresses. Please stay clear of the construction equipment.
May 15, 2008: The City received final approval from the United States Army Corps of Engineers regarding a monitoring plan for the project. Weeks Marine has mobilized equipment and is placing pipeline on the beach and submerging pipeline in the ocean. The dredger is en route to the project site. Monitoring for sea turtles has begun. The City requests your cooperation for the temporary (until July 31, 2008) noise, lights and construction equipment. Please avoid the construction area, pipeline and heavy equipment.
May 7, 2008: The United States Army Corps of Engineers issued Permit Number 2007-02631-21G (pdf, 3 MB) for the beach restoration project, and the City signed the permit.
May 5, 2008: The City hosted two meetings related to project construction. The first included representatives from the South Carolina Department of Natural Resources, the United States Fish and Wildlife Service and the Island Turtle Team to discuss the protocols and protections for endangered species during the project. The second focused on logistical issues of project construction.
May 2, 2008: At a Special Meeting, City Council passed a motion to accept the lowest bid placed by Weeks Marine and to amend the volume of sand to be dredged from 780,000 cubic yards to 845,000 cubic yards for a contract totaling $8,386,850, contingent upon the City's receipt and approval of the permit from the United States Corps of Engineers.
April 24, 2008: The City hosted a public bid opening for the Beach Restoration Project and recieved bids from Great Lakes Dredge & Dock Company, Weeks Marine, and Norfolk Dredging Company. At this stage, the bids undergo a formal review.
April 16, 2008: The City and Coastal Science and Engineering hosted a mandatory pre-bid meeting where contractors interested in bidding on the project received essential information, asked questions and made a project site visit.
April 15, 2008: The City received signed agreements from parties involved in the project. In addition, funds received from involved parties were deposited in the IOP Beach Restoration Escrow to be used for the project.
March 18, 2008: The South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control Ocean and Coastal Resource Management issued the City of Isle of Palms Permit 2007-02631-21G-P (pdf, 2 MB) for beach renourishment.
February 19, 2008: Mayor Mike Sottile and City Administrator Linda Tucker attended the Charleston County Council meeting in support of the City's application for financial assistance. Charleston County Council approved the request and contributed $900,000 towards the project.
January 17, 2008: The City of Isle of Palms made a formal request to Charleston County for fiscal assistance with the erosion crisis and beach restoration project.
January 11, 2008: At the request of the permitting agencies, the City of Isle of Palms filed an amended permit application with SCDHEC OCRM and USACE that modified the proposed construction schedule. The modified permit application stipulates that all construction must be complete by July 31, 2008. The impetus for the amended construction schedule was to ensure removal of sandbags from the beach before any potential fall/winter storm activity to provide maximum protection to the citizens, the environment and the structures.
January 11, 2008: The City of Isle of Palms entered into an agreement with Coastal Science & Engineering to plan, permit, engineer and administer services related to the project.
January 10, 2008: City Council passed a motion to contribute $1,700,000 to the project in addition to funds previously committed. Per the motion, the $1,700,000 will be generated with a revenue bond.
November 20, 2007: The City of Isle of Palms applied with SCDHEC OCRM and the United States Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) to receive a permit for beach renourishment.
November 13, 2007: At a Special Meeting, City Council received a presentation of the Long-Term Beach Management Plan and passed a motion to initiate the permit application process for a beach renourishment project using $200,000 allocated in the FY08 budget for beach erosion.
2008 PROJECT SUMMARY
The northeastern end of the Isle of Palms endured a severe erosion crisis as a shoal attached to that section of the island. If the acute episode continued unabated, structures could have been threatened. In order to protect the public safety and to ensure that the beaches remained healthy, the City undertook a beach restoration project in the spring and summer of 2008. The South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control office of Ocean and Coastal Resource Management (SCDHEC OCRM) issued the City a permit that stipulated "up to 885,000 cubic yards of sand will be dredged from four offshore borrow sites and pumped via hydraulic pipeline to renourish 13,785 linear feet of beach." This project restored the dry sand beach, controlled the erosion and included the removal of all sandbags placed in the erosion area.
The City of Isle of Palms Local Comprehensive Beach Management Plan, including Appendices, was approved by SCDHEC OCRM on April 7, 2008.
As part of the permit requirements for the 2008 project, the City executed a pre-project monitoring in May 2008 and post-project monitorings in October 2008, May 2009, September 2009 (Year 1), May 2010, September 2010 (Year 2) and June 2011 (Year 3). Included in the post-project monitoring are surveys of the beach and borrow areas as well as benthic analysis. Another important part of the post-project monitoring was compaction testing, which determined whether the sand needs to be tilled before the start of turtle nesting season.
Monitoring of the entire seven miles of Isle of Palms beach has been planned for 2012, 2013 and 2014.
2008 PROJECT FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS
Are there photos of the project?
Click here to view a photo gallery.
When did the project start?
The project began over Memorial Day weekend 2008.
When did the project end?
Project construction was completed in early July 2008.
Where did the project start and end?
The restored beach runs from 53rd Avenue to Dewees Inlet. The project map shows that sand was placed in three major areas called Reach A, Reach B and Reach C. Where the project starts and ends exactly, including where construction occurred on any specific day, depended on several variables including weather conditions and material conditions.
What about the sea turtles that nest on the Isle of Palms?
The City continues to work closely with all appropriate local, state and federal agencies to ensure maximum protection for sea turtles. The permits issued by the agencies allowing construction to occur include clear guidelines to protect sea turtles. Every night and every morning, turtle monitors walked the construction area looking for turtles and their tracks, and if one was found, the appropriate steps were taken to protect the turtle and its nest.
Did the project run all day and night?
Yes. The project did run 24 hours per day and 7 days per week. The goal was to complete the project as soon as possible, so unless inclement weather forced a delay, construction continued all the time. The project was completed several weeks ahead of schedule thereby minimizing disruption to beach goers.
What was construction like?
The City contracted with Weeks Marine to perform the construction. Beach restoration is a large project that involves an off-shore dredger, large pipeline and heavy equipment and trucks. Visitors and residents in close proximity to the project encountered this large equipment and heard the accompanying noise. At night, lights illuminated the beach so construction could continue. These disruptions were temporary as the project moved down the beach.
Was the beach closed?
The restored beach is approximately 9,200 feet long, but only a smaller section of the beach was under active construction on any given day. The section under construction was clearly marked and closed to visitors. The rest of the beach was open as usual. Also, the construction was progressive, meaning it moved along the beach during construction.
Did the project affect boaters?
Boaters needed to be aware that pipeline, marked with buoys, was be submerged in the waters around the project.
What about the sandbags?
As part of construction, all the sandbags were removed from the beach.
What was the beach like when the project was completed?
The project restored a wide, dry sand beach.